Frenectomy : It is the removal fo the frenum. Frenum is a muscular attachment before two tissues. There are two frena in the mouth, one is lingual frenum which connects the tongue to the floor of the mouth and maxillary labial frenum which connects inside of your upper lip to the gums just above the upper two front teeth. This high frenal attachment can some times obstruct normal function and also increase the gap between two front teetch.
A frenectomy (also known as a frenulectomy, frenulotomy or frenotomy) is the removal of a frenulum, a small fold of tissue that prevents an organ in the body from moving too far. It can refer to frenula in several places on the human body. It is related to frenuloplasty, a surgical alteration in a frenulum. Done mostly for orthodontic purposes, a frenectomy is either performed inside the middle of upper lip, which is called labial frenectomy, or under the tongue, called lingual frenectomy. Frenectomy is a very common dental procedure in the dental world and is performed both on children and adults.
There are several frenula that are associated with types of frenectomy:
Lingual frenectomy (of the tongue) as treatment for ankyloglossia
Labial frenectomy (of the lip) is very common with patients undergoing denture treatment in order to get the proper fit of dentures or patients who have tissues attached to centre of upper lip and causing recession of gums or gap between the upper front teeth called central incisors.
A frenectomy can also be performed to remove a section of tissue (the frenulum) that attached to the gingival tissue between two teeth.